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Welcome to the new CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas

The CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas is a free, authoritative source of information about the rich history, geography, and culture of Arkansas. It is updated regularly to ensure the people of Arkansas have an accurate and accessible resource to explore our heritage. It will also benefit people outside the state who are seeking information about Arkansas. We invite you to browse our text entries and media galleries to learn more about the people, places, events, legends, and lore of the 25th state. The CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas is a work in progress. We are continually adding new entries, photographs, maps, videos, and audio files, so check back frequently to see what’s new.

Photo Of The Day
Pea Ridge National Military Park

On the final day of the Battle of Pea Ridge on March 8, 1862, a massive artillery duel between Union and Confederate forces began at approximately 8:00 a.m. Twenty-one Union guns were placed on a hill in the middle of Cox’s field, an area today known as Welfley’s Knoll. The cannon shown here at Pea Ridge National Military Park are located in that field at the site where Battery A, Second Illinois Light Artillery, more commonly known as the Peoria Battery, had been placed.

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This Day in Arkansas History
June 25, 1861

Leonidas Polk, who graduated from West Point in 1827 but had never served on active duty, joined the Confederate army and was appointed a major general. In slightly more than a year, he was promoted to lieutenant general. After graduation from West Point, Polk was ordained at Virginia Theological Seminary and, following a period of volunteer work for the Episcopal Church, was appointed bishop for mission work in the southwest. He is recognized for having established the Episcopal Church in Arkansas. Polk was killed at Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, Georgia, three years after his activation in the army.

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