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Welcome to the new CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas

The CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas is a free, authoritative source of information about the rich history, geography, and culture of Arkansas. It is updated regularly to ensure the people of Arkansas have an accurate and accessible resource to explore our heritage. It will also benefit people outside the state who are seeking information about Arkansas. We invite you to browse our text entries and media galleries to learn more about the people, places, events, legends, and lore of the 25th state. The CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas is a work in progress. We are continually adding new entries, photographs, maps, videos, and audio files, so check back frequently to see what’s new.

Photo Of The Day
Methodist Missionaries

During the early 1800s, the American Colonization Society promoted the settlement of freed slaves to Africa, resulting in the founding of Liberia. With the discrimination in the Jim Crow South by the late 1890s, a new Back-to-Africa movement emerged. During that time, approximately 650 Arkansas emigrants made the long journey. Among them were approximately a dozen black Arkansas missionaries, such as this Methodist missionary group that posed for this photo before making the trip to Liberia in 1898.

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This Day in Arkansas History
November 22, 1804

Explorer Dr. George Hunter’s gun discharged while he was cleaning it, ripping through his thumb and lacerating two fingers. He remained in severe pain and in danger of infection for two weeks and was little help to the expedition, known as the Hunter-Dunbar expedition, which Thomas Jefferson commissioned to explore the “Wachita” River and the “hot springs” of Arkansas.

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